Meghalaya is a state of India which is located in the north-eastern part of the country. The capital city is Shillong, which has been cited as an example for cleanliness and planned development by Indian Government.
The state has a parliamentary form of government with the Governor as the titular head of the state and an elected Chief Minister as its real head. The Chief Minister, along with his council of ministers is responsible for administering the state.
As of 2014, Shri Mukul Sangma was sworn in as Meghalaya's 12th Chief Minister.
As of 2014, Niwas Khongnang was elected as a Deputy Speaker and is the current leader of opposition in Meghalaya Legislative Assembly.
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly is unicameral, consisting of 60 Member of the Legislative Assembly (M.L.A). It exists in a continuous session and the legislative business of the house usually commences at 11 am and concludes at 6 pm on every Monday to Friday when it discusses general issues related to various departments and passes Appropriation Bill i.e., demands for grants and Demands for Excess Grants.
Meghalaya means "the abode of clouds" in Sanskrit. Meghalaya shares borders with Assam to the south, Nagaland to the north east and Mizoram to the south. To the west it borders on Tripura and Bangladesh. It also shares the international border with Burma along its eastern frontier, which includes Bangladesh's Sylhet district, a part of Garo Hills in North Cachar Hills in Assam and East Khasi Hill district.
Meghalaya is a mountainous region. Most of the Garo Hills and half of Shillong Plateau are located in this state. The highest point in Meghalaya is Shillong Peak which is also a prominent abode of clouds. This hill station has been considered as one of the highest rainfall regions in India, recording more than 20000mm of rains every year. In the upper reaches where it mostly rains during monsoon season, waterfalls add to the scenic beauty. Some of these places have already been declared as national parks and sanctuaries for their rich flora and fauna value.
In 2000-01 census Garo hills had a population density of 52 persons per square kilometer. In contrast, Khasi Hills had a density of 112 persons per square kilometers and Jaintia hills had a density of 98 persons per square kilometers.
There are 3 Autonomous district councils in Meghalaya namely - Garo Hills Autonomous District Council, Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council and Jaintia Hills Autonomous District Council. Each Division is further sub-divided into smaller administrative blocks.
Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya which houses all important government offices, secretariat, state assembly house and other departments. Each of the districts has its own departmental Secretariat from where the District Magistrate/Collector administers the district.
Khasi Hills Division:
The Khasi Hills is a district in the state of Meghalaya in India. This district is divided into 2 subdivisions and 9 administrative tehsils (or blocks).
There are two subdivisions: West Khasi Hills, which consists of 3 tehsils (or blocks) and East Khasi Hills, which consists of 6 tehsils (or blocks).
Main districts under Khasi Hills are:-
Garo Hills Division:
The Garo Hills is a district in the state of Meghalaya in India. This district is divided into 2 subdivisions and 9 administrative tehsils (or blocks).
Main Districts under Garo Hills are:-
Jaintia Hills Division:
The Jaintia Hills is a district in the state of Meghalaya in India. This district is divided into 2 subdivisions and 9 administrative tehsils (or blocks).
Main districts under Jaintia Hills are:-